Special thanks to Monica Reardon, Smithsonian Affiliations summer intern, for authoring the 2013 Smithsonian Magazine Museum Day Live! blog series.
The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Museum is located where the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad came into being during the late 1820s, in Baltimore, Maryland.Â The collection grew from a late 19th century trade show exhibit of railroad artifacts.Â An actual museum came about in 1953, when the B&O Transportation Museum and its collection were designated a National Historic Landmark by the U.S. Department of the Interior.Â The B&O Railroad Museum has been a Smithsonian Affiliate since 1999.Â It has on loan a variety of Smithsonian artifacts relating to the history of American railroad.
One of the many Smithsonian artifacts on view at the B&O during Smithsonian Magazine Museum Day Live! is the Pioneer, an 1851 locomotive.Â The locomotive had once pulled passenger trains, had been used for two Civil war raids, and had been displayed at Worldâ€™s Fairs and Expositions as an â€œoperating relic.â€Â It had even been on view at the Smithsonian from 1963-2001.Â The B&O teamed up with the Smithsonianâ€™s National Museum of American History to restore the Pioneer to its 1901 appearance.Â B&O was able to accommodate the project in its own restoration facility.Â The locomotive is a rarity because its type was not used by very many U.S. railroads, and because of its age for a preserved locomotive.
Is the Smithsonian in your neighborhood? Find out which other Affiliates are participating inÂ #MuseumDayLive on September 28, 2013, here.